The hottest intelligent robot leads the developmen

  • Detail

Intelligent robot leads the development of high and new technology

increasing the basic research of intelligent robot science, strengthening the research of robot core technology, and cultivating the robot industry market can not only drive the development of intelligent robot technology itself, but also lead the development and growth of other relevant high and new technologies

in human history, when a certain technology is fully promoted, a large number of related high and new technologies are often spawned

the Apollo program in the United States after World War II is a typical example. Without the Apollo program, technologies such as high-speed computers cannot be born. For this reason, the intelligent robot technology developed since the late 1960s is also playing an important leading role in many high-tech industries and scientific research

development and basic elements of robot technology

early robots were mainly represented by simple manipulators, whose task was to grasp parts, carry out position transformation or station transfer, and complete 3. It was estimated that in practical application, they would be represented as some single processing tasks. With the gradual increase in the number of operators and the increasing diversity of tasks in the process of industrial production, the interaction and connection between operators began to form the upstream and downstream chain relationship, and finally realized the assembly line composed of robots and robots in industrial production. At this stage, robots work instead of people, reducing the labor intensity and skill requirements of workers, and improving the quality and stability of products

with the development of space technology, space robots came into being. Its main task is to detect and maintain the surface of spacecraft in space environment. Space robots no longer work in a structured environment and complete established tasks. They need to perceive and judge the surrounding conditions anytime and anywhere

the need to complete tasks under complex working conditions has played a revolutionary role in promoting the development of robot technology, which has developed from the research of performing a single task to the integrated technology of combining sensors, controllers and actuators. At this stage, robots can complete tasks that human beings cannot complete, expand the scope of human work, and break through human physiological limitations

in the past 20 years, the rapid development of microelectronics, communication, computer, artificial intelligence, control and image processing has laid the foundation for the highly intelligent robot. Robot is no longer a cold production tool. It has gradually become an assistant and partner of human beings in daily life, providing services to human beings in life, health, entertainment and other aspects, resulting in a huge service robot industry. For example, in terms of family medical monitoring, ordinary families often have only one thermometer, and diseases can be found only when the symptoms are obvious. The medical robot can work in the home environment, automatically measure the physiological condition of the user, intelligently judge the physiological indicators or submit them to the medical staff, timely alarm and early diagnosis, so as to achieve the effect of "pre treatment". At the same time, medical robots can also help doctors achieve complex surgery, reduce wounds, expand vision, and improve sensitivity and controllability. For another example, in terms of home services, robots can take care of all aspects of home life like a housekeeper, help the elderly and children take care of their lives, and realize home monitoring when the owner leaves. At this stage, the working object of robots has undergone a fundamental change, from objects and people to human friends and partners

although the types of robots vary greatly and the tasks are diverse, from the essence of robot science and technology, it mainly includes three basic elements, namely, perception, decision-making and action

perception function: the input of robot information is just like the human facial features are responsible for collecting the data of the working environment. Sensing technology is mainly sensor technology and communication technology. The former is responsible for converting the physical characteristics of the real world into digital quantities that can be understood by robots, while the latter is responsible for quickly and accurately transferring digital quantities to the decision-making level of robots

decision making function: the performance of robot intelligence is like the human brain making judgments on the perceived information and issuing instructions for the next action. The decision-making technology is mainly artificial intelligence technology and intelligent control technology, which requires the robot to deal with all kinds of working conditions in real time and closed-loop, rather than just open-loop execution completely according to the predetermined program

action function: the commands of the decision-maker must be executed, and the execution needs to be realized by a series of actions, just as the human motion system generates actual actions under the command of the brain. The main technology to realize the action function is the actuator technology, including arm, gripper, mobile platform, driver, and also covers the controller of the actuator, such as motor controller, pressure controller and so on

characteristics of intelligent robot technology

robot science and technology have significant characteristics

first of all, robot technology is intelligent technology. Intelligence is the core of robots, which is the main reason why robots can be called "people". Intelligence is manifested in the automatic identification and judgment of the working environment, and its work instructions are automatically produced according to the feedback information, rather than based on open-loop design. Intelligence is also the difficulty of robot technology. Although artificial intelligence technology has made a great breakthrough at present, compared with human intelligence, robots are still very clumsy and intelligent, and need to be improved

secondly, robot technology is a comprehensive technology. Comprehensiveness means that robot technology is an integrated technology and a typical interdisciplinary. The development of robot technology must be based on the development of a single technology, and any breakthrough in a single technology can bring revolutionary changes to robot technology. For example, the development of MEMS technology has made the miniaturization of robots a reality, giving birth to a series of micro robots such as vascular robots

third, robot technology requires real-time. Whether it is early industrial robots, or now space robots, service robots, all require rapid response to the reality. The work of robots, in the final analysis, is human work, and even the expansion and extension of human activities. People can quickly respond to all kinds of unpredictable emergencies in real time, which requires robots to have this ability to ensure the completion of work tasks

fourth, robot technology is interactive technology. Robots are human friends and partners, so they must be able to understand human intentions and thoughts, and realize the communication with people and society. For example, speech recognition technology and speech synthesis technology are to help robots "listen" to human language, and convert their responses into speech "say" to human listening. The essence of human-computer interaction technology is to make robots have the ability to communicate with people, and the more natural the communication process, the better

fifth, robot technology is a platform technology, which can bring great platform effect. Robot technology is a humanoid technology. Robots can do what people can do. Therefore, robot technology is actually a technical platform, which can become a specific robot with what kind of tasks. For example, if the robot is configured as a driver, the driverless vehicle can be realized, and if the robot is designed as a pilot, it is a UAV

the leading role of intelligent robots in high-tech industries

robot technology integrates research results in various fields, organically integrates technical advantages in various fields, and has a wide range of applications. Therefore, it plays an extremely important leading role in modern new technology industries

first, it plays a leading role in the manufacturing equipment industry. In manufacturing, assembly, processing and other industries, robots lead the upgrading and industrial transformation. At present, China's industrial competitiveness mainly comes from cheap labor resources, forming many extensive and labor-intensive industries. However, the disadvantages of this development model have become increasingly prominent. On the one hand, with the growth of national income, China's labor cost has increased year by year, which has no advantage over Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries. On the other hand, this model has led to China being at the end of the industrial value chain for a long time, with processing industry as the main body, with small added value and poor anti risk ability. Therefore, industrial transformation and upgrading, and changing "made in China" to "created in China" are imminent. Robot technology in industrial production is embodied in industrial production lines and all kinds of intelligent equipment and devices, which will improve the intelligent level of manufacturing equipment, greatly improve production efficiency, product quality, operation safety, and increase the variety of products. Only industrial robots with high precision and reliability can ensure the high added value, high innovation and high-tech bottleneck of the manufacturing industry, and improve the level of China's manufacturing industry. At the same time, high-quality service robots need high-quality mechanical components, including micro motors, sensors and so on. The rapid development of robots will require these mechanical parts to have better performance

second, it plays a leading role in the household electronics industry. In the electronic industry, robots lead the performance and demand of electronic products. Service robots will eventually become a kind of household electronic products, just like washing machines and refrigerators. At the same time, compared with traditional household appliances, service robots are a wide variety of electronic products, not only for the elderly or children, but also for workers, not only for families, but also for communities. A robot is built by many electronic components. The high requirements of users for robots are actually transformed into high requirements for electronic components; In essence, the expansion of the robot market will also drive the expansion of the electronic component market. At the same time, the combination of robot intelligent technology and electronic products will form a large number of intelligent electronic products, which will greatly improve the performance of electronic products and increase the types of electronic products

third, it plays a leading role in the medical diagnosis industry. In the medical device industry, robots lead the popularization of home monitoring and the improvement of medical and living standards. The first performance is the improvement of health level. People's attention to health will inevitably bring a broad market for family monitoring. Robot technology integrates various functions such as physiological parameter acquisition, physiological index judgment, telemedicine, and will become a necessary product for future family life. At the same time, the application of robots in the surgical process can help doctors improve the stability, accuracy and flexibility of actions. For example, Da Vinci surgical robot can accurately transmit the doctor's action outside the patient's body to the mechanical arm, and convert it into the action of surgical instruments in the patient's body, so as to complete the surgery that was difficult to complete before. Although its price is as high as tens of millions of yuan, it has sold thousands of units at present, which shows that the market prospect of medical robots is very broad. Therefore, the leading role of robot technology in the medical diagnosis industry is reflected in the household, portability, miniaturization and intelligence of medical instruments, and on the other hand, it is also reflected in improving the level of medical diagnosis

fourth, it plays a leading role in the instrument industry. In the instrumentation industry, robots lead the research and development and revolution of sensors. In order to achieve or even exceed the sensitivity and resolution of human facial features, the sensors used by robots must be of high quality and diversity. At present, the research and development of taste and smell sensors is the most sluggish

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI